Striking a balance in women’s sports

By Herman M. Lagon

THE INVOLVEMENT of transgender women in women’s sports has ignited a multifaceted and nuanced debate, reaching far beyond the boundaries of athletic events. This discussion profoundly explores and challenges our basic understanding of fairness, equality, and inclusivity, transcending traditional perspectives of sportsmanship and competition. This debate demands a nuanced understanding and sensitivity toward various perspectives, highlighting the intricate balance between upholding the dignity of all athletes and maintaining the integrity of women’s sports.

A central point of contention lies in the biological differences between cisgender and transgender women, especially those who have undergone male puberty. Physiological aspects like muscle mass, bone density, and testosterone levels are thought to give transgender women an advantage over their cisgender counterparts potentially. This disparity raises questions about the essence of sports—ensuring a level playing field and the spirit of fair play.

Safety in contact sports is a crucial concern, with the physical advantages of transgender athletes potentially leading to higher injury risks for cisgender competitors. Additionally, the integration of transgender athletes in women’s sports raises concerns about the impact on opportunities for cisgender women, including scholarships and team selections, indicating a clash between inclusivity and equal opportunities.

The regulation of testosterone levels in sports is a significant challenge. Critics argue that the current policies of many sports organizations may not effectively ensure a level playing field. Moreover, the psychological impact on cisgender women athletes, regarding their comfort and willingness to participate, could affect team dynamics and competition ethos.

The debate unfolds against a backdrop of traditional gender norms in sports. Take the cases of Mack Beggs, a transgender wrestler transitioning from female to male who won in the girls’ division of the Texas state high school wrestling tournament in 2017, and CeCe Telfer, a transgender sprinter who easily won the US NCAA Division II women’s 400-meter hurdles in 2020. These and more illustrate the ethical complexities and the impact of inherent physical advantages on athletic performance. S

A range of sporting disciplines is currently under scrutiny in the ongoing debate over transgender athlete participation. These encompass contact sports like wrestling, boxing, taekwondo, judo, and mixed martial arts, where concerns have arisen regarding the potential advantages retained from male puberty. Similarly, strength and speed sports, including weightlifting, track and field throws, rowing, and strongman competitions, have been subject to intense discussion due to concerns surrounding competitive fairness. Furthermore, non-contact sports like sprinting, cycling, decathlon, heptathlon, and marathon have not escaped the spotlight, with attention given to physiological factors that may influence performance. For obvious reasons, team sports such as basketball, football, rugby, hockey, and volleyball also introduce their own complexities, raising questions about how transgender athletes may affect team dynamics and overall competition.

At the heart of competitive sports is the principle of fairness, which dictates that success should stem from individual talent and commitment rather than innate biological advantages. Undoubtedly, the participation of transgender women in women’s sports poses a risk to the integrity of fair competition and equality if not carefully regulated.

While it is essential to respect and uphold the rights of transgender individuals, finding a balance that also preserves fairness in women’s sports is critical. One proposed approach is the establishment of separate competitive categories for transgender athletes, mitigating any inherent physical advantages and moving towards a more inclusive future for all athletes.

Nonetheless, the issue of transgender women’s participation in women’s sports is multifaceted, intertwining considerations of transgender rights, gender identity, and the ethos of competitive fairness. By recognizing these challenges and seeking thoughtful solutions, we can strive to uphold the values of fairness and inclusivity, which are crucial to the spirit of sports. Working together towards a balanced approach remains vital in navigating this sensitive and evolving issue.


Doc H fondly describes himself as a ‘student of and for life’ who, like many others, aspires to a life-giving and why-driven world that is grounded in social justice and the pursuit of happiness. His views herewith do not necessarily reflect those of the institutions he is employed or connected with.


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