The double-edged sword of high gastronomy

The allure of high gastronomy – a concept that combines the art of fine food with the prestige of culinary recognition – is undeniably reshaping tourism, food security, and business landscapes in local communities worldwide.

Iloilo City recently earned the distinction as UNESCO’s first creative city for gastronomy. The city literally earned this title by compiling and presenting our wide ranging and interesting food culture.

We need this title to bolster Iloilo City’s bid to become the next MICE (meetings, incentives, conventions, and excursion) destination and investment hub outside Metro Manila and Metro Cebu.

Yet, this seemingly golden ticket for economic prosperity and cultural promotion is not without its pitfalls.

A Boon with Hidden Costs

High gastronomy titles, epitomized by awards like Michelin stars or inclusion in elite food guides, undeniably act as powerful magnets for tourists.

The allure of experiencing world-renowned cuisine can transform a quiet locale into a bustling tourist hotspot. This phenomenon is well-documented, with gastronomy being a major factor influencing tourist experiences and destination choices.

As noted in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, gastronomic tourism’s impact on cultural background, food production methods, and social network development is substantial​​. (

However, the influx of tourists, while economically beneficial, can strain local resources. Over-tourism may lead to environmental degradation, cultural dilution, and a rise in living costs for locals. This dichotomy highlights the need for sustainable tourism strategies that balance economic benefits with the preservation of local culture and environment.

Food Security: Prosperity or Precarity?

On the surface, high gastronomy can invigorate local food systems, providing new markets and opportunities for local producers. Yet, it also poses a threat to traditional food practices and security.

The focus on upscale, often non-local ingredients for high gastronomy can sideline indigenous food practices and producers, threatening the diversity and resilience of local food systems. This shift can lead to a reliance on imported goods, undermining food sovereignty and security.

Business Dynamics: Opportunity and Exclusion

High gastronomy brings a promise of prosperity for local businesses, creating opportunities in the hospitality, retail, and service sectors. It invites innovation and entrepreneurship, driving economic growth.

However, this boom often favors well-funded enterprises, sidelining small, local players who cannot compete with the high standards and investment demands of gourmet establishments. This shift risks homogenizing the culinary landscape, potentially eroding the unique culinary identity that originally drew attention to the region.

Finding Balance

The key to reaping the benefits of high gastronomy while mitigating its drawbacks lies in sustainable and inclusive practices. Policymakers and local stakeholders must develop strategies that prioritize the preservation of local culture, support small-scale producers, and ensure that tourism growth is manageable and environmentally friendly.

In essence, high gastronomy should not be viewed as an end in itself but as a means to celebrate and uplift local communities. This involves a delicate balance, ensuring that the pursuit of culinary excellence does not overshadow the needs and identity of the local populace.

As communities navigate these challenges, it becomes clear that the true flavor of a destination lies not just in its high gastronomy accolades but in the richness and diversity of its local food culture and practices. The goal should be not just to attract tourists with prestigious titles but to create a sustainable gastronomic ecosystem that benefits all stakeholders – from farmers to small business owners, from locals to visitors.

High gastronomy titles, while a testament to culinary excellence, bring with them a complex set of challenges for local communities. Balancing the allure of these accolades with the need to preserve local cultures, support sustainable food practices, and ensure equitable economic growth is paramount.

As we continue to indulge in the delights of high gastronomy, let’s not forget the local flavors and traditions that are the true essence of culinary heritage.


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