The great Dinagyang fusion

By Herman M. Lagon

The Dinagyang Festival has always been a spectacular event in Iloilo City’s cultural calendar. It is a celebration where history, tradition, and modern aspirations converge, creating a vibrant spectacle that captivates locals and tourists alike. The recent crowning of Tribu Pan-ay and Tultugan Festival as champions in their respective categories is a testament to the festival’s evolving dynamism and its role in fostering local talent and creativity. Mayor Jerry P. Treñas’s remarks about Dinagyang reaching new heights reflect a collective pride that transcends geographical boundaries, engaging Ilonggos worldwide in a shared cultural heritage.

Imagine, then, the magnificence of incorporating other festivals in the region such as Guimaras’ Manggahan, Aklan’s Ati-Atihan-Sadsad, Antique’s Binirayan, Negros’ Masskara, Capiz’s Sinadya-Halaran, and Passi City’s Pintados de Pasi into the Dinagyang Festival. This integration would not only highlight the rich tapestry of Western Visayas’ culture and traditions but also create a festival of festivals, a showcase of unity, diversity, and the collective spirit of the Ilonggo people. The historical success of Binirayan, Manggahan, and Pintados de Pasi in Dinagyang Ati and Kasadyahan competitions underscores the potential of such a collaboration to elevate the festival to unprecedented levels of cultural exchange and celebration.

This envisioned amalgamation aligns with the festival’s roots in religious devotion and cultural homage. The Dinagyang Festival, with its origins tied to the veneration of Santo Niño, serves as a grand stage for expressing faith through the artistry of dance and the spectacle of competition. It is a narrative that resonates across the festivals of Western Visayas, each with its unique story of faith, resilience, and communal identity. Including these festivals would enrich Dinagyang’s narrative, weaving together a more comprehensive story of the region’s cultural and spiritual landscape.

Furthermore, the potential for tourism and economic growth through such a collaboration is immense. By showcasing a broader spectrum of cultural heritage, Dinagyang could attract even more visitors from around the globe, generating increased economic activity and fostering greater appreciation for the region’s traditions and innovations. It is a step towards solidifying Iloilo City and Western Visayas as a cultural powerhouse in the Philippines and beyond.

The logistical challenges of integrating multiple festivals into Dinagyang would undoubtedly be significant. Yet, the benefits of such an endeavor—enhanced cultural exchange, increased tourist interest, and a stronger sense of regional unity—far outweigh these hurdles. The spirit of cooperation and communal pride that defines Ilonggo culture could drive this initiative towards success, drawing upon the same collaborative energy that has made Dinagyang a festival organization and innovation model.

Inclusion and diversity are at the heart of this proposal. By bringing together the unique traditions of each participating festival, Dinagyang could become a beacon of cultural inclusivity, showcasing the rich tapestry of Philippine festivals. This diversity, reflected in the array of dances, costumes, and stories, would underscore the universal themes of unity, faith, and resilience that bind the region together.

The success of Dinagyang 2024, marked by peace, order, and cultural celebration, is a solid foundation to build this ambitious vision. The festival’s ability to adapt and innovate, as seen in the introduction of events like ILOmination and the Parade of Lights, indicates a readiness to embrace new ideas and collaborations. The participation of various law enforcement agencies and the community in ensuring a safe and successful festival highlights the collective effort and spirit of cooperation that could make the integration of other festivals feasible and fruitful.

Envisioning a Dinagyang Festival that includes Guimaras’ Manggahan, Aklan’s Ati-Atihan-Sadsad, Antique’s Binirayan, Negros’ Masskara, Capiz’s Sinadya-Halaran, and Passi City’s Pintados de Pasi, plus all the other festivals in the different municipalities of Panay, Negros, and Guimaras (even that from our Ilonggo kins in Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, and with special performances from our IPs) is not just about creating a larger event. It is about fostering a more profound sense of community, celebrating the diversity of Ilonggo culture, and presenting a unified front that showcases the best of Western Visayas to the world. This vision reflects the festival’s ethos of “Pagdayaw kay Señor Sto. Niño, Padayaw sang mga Ilonggo!”—a celebration of faith, joy, and the vibrant spirit of the Ilonggo people.

As we move forward, let us hold onto this vision of a festival of festivals, where the drumbeats of Dinagyang echo the diverse rhythms of Western Visayas, creating a symphony of cultural pride and communal joy. Let this be a call to action for all stakeholders—from government officials and festival organizers to the communities and tribes of the region—to work towards a future where Dinagyang not only celebrates the culture of Iloilo but also becomes a grand stage for the cultural heritage of the entire region. Together, we can turn this vision into a reality, ensuring that Dinagyang remains a beacon of cultural excellence and unity for generations to come.


Doc H fondly describes himself as a ‘student of and for life’ who, like many others, aspires to a life-giving and why-driven world that is grounded in social justice and the pursuit of happiness. His views herewith do not necessarily reflect those of the institutions he is employed or connected with.


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